The Therapies

To help you understand the therapies I can use to help bring about the changes you want to make, you can learn more by clicking on the links here on this page:

Each of these may be used effectively on their own or used together in certain combinations to enhance their benefits*. I will usually discuss the options with you and why so that you understand how the therapy session(s) will progress. I provide a brief description of each below.


Hypnotherapy is a skilled communication aimed at directing a person’s imagination in a way that helps elicit changes in some perceptions, sensations, feelings, thoughts and behaviours.
In a typical hypnotherapy session the hypnotherapist and client will discuss the intended alterations or therapeutic goals desired. The hypnotherapist will ask questions about previous medical history, general health and lifestyle to decide on the best approach for the individual.

Hypnotherapy may be found to be helpful for those seeking relief from a range of problems and is used alongside a person’s own willpower and motivation to seek a desired goal. It is often used to help relieve anxiety, aid sleeping, help to address bed wetting, address attitudes to weight, and help clients achieve behavioural change to stop smoking.  It may also help with minor skin conditions that are exacerbated by stress and confidence issues, and may also be used to enhance performance in areas such as sport and public speaking.  Hypnotherapy may help people to cope with and manage the relief of perceived pain.

Hypnotherapy has also been used with both adults and children to help manage the pain associated with irritable bowel.  There is evidence to support its use in this condition for both adults and children and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Guidance (NICE) recommends the NHS should consider referring patients for hypnotherapy if their irritable bowel is persistent and has failed to respond to simple prescribed medicine.

Choosing a practitioner.

It is important to choose a qualified hypnotherapist who has undertaken all the necessary training to understand the theory and practice of hypnotherapy. There are a number of registers that you can consult. I am registered with the General Hypnotherapy Council, Registration No. 3245.

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Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT).

Emotional Freedom Technique, also known as EFT and sometimes more commonly known as ‘Tapping’, utilises the principles practised in acupuncture and acupressure, which are also well known and respected forms of treatment originating in China.

The belief is that when we suffer a traumatic or deeply disturbing emotional experience that we are not able to process to a rational outcome or understanding at that time, it gets trapped in the body’s energy system and remains in an unresolved state. Any subsequent experience that ‘matches’ in some way the memory of that experience triggers the same emotional response, even though the memory is held subconsciously.

An example would be where a child was abused physically by a parent and locked in a cupboard as a punishment. The child would be unable to respond as an adult would be able to respond, and would feel powerless and fearful.

Any subsequent threatening behaviour, e.g. as in bullying, would elicit the same fearful, powerless response. The person would as likely as not have a fear of being trapped in a confined space or claustrophobia.

‘Tapping’ on the body’s energy meridians while recalling the experience or even the strong emotions that go with it releases these emotions so that the client can process them in their current resourceful state to bring about a resolution.

What Does EFT Involve?

I will as usual, take a detailed examination of the history, symptoms and effects to identify the triggers. There may be more than one event as these often ‘layer’ one upon another as experiences occur.

You are then asked to think about the experience or feeling and asked to score the strength of that feeling on a scale 0 – 10.

We then then select an appropriate set-up phrase and you are guided to tap in a certain sequence on the major meridian points while repeating the set-up phrase and concentrating on the event and/or emotion.

At the end of one or more rounds of tapping you give a score. Rounds continue until the score reaches a 0 or 1, when further rounds may be used to install a more resourceful belief.

EFT can resolve many issues, including PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) in a relatively few sessions, or even a sing.

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Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP).

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) is a powerful set of techniques that work on the way that we code memories and experiences. The way we code these creates a mental map that dictates how we interpret events now and in the future, i.e., how we react to external or internal stimuli. By changing the way we coded these memories, we can alter the effect they have on us.

NLP can be a remarkably cost effective way to resolve these types of issue, sometimes in a single session lasting no more than 45 minutes.

NLP can also be a powerful communication tool, helping people build rapport with each other in personal relationships, both socially and at work with colleagues, and in customer facing and sales functions.

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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT).

Also called Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, CBT as it is more commonly known is an increasingly popular treatment for maladaptive thinking, i.e. the mistaken beliefs and understandings we create and reinforce through our lives.

These beliefs (cognitions) give meaning to events in our lives that are inaccurate, or to put it another way, it is not the events that give rise to bad feelings or reactions, but the meanings we attach to those events. As negative thoughts or anxiety build up and consolidate over time, they become beliefs.

In using CBT, I will identify and evaluate the negative thoughts and perceptions impacting on you and help you change the way you are thinking. This then changes the way you feel. Through this, you learn to become more flexible in your thinking and able to accept and adapt more, so developing better coping skills and strategies.

A significant benefit of using CBT lies in its high success rate as recognised by health professionals, clinicians and the Government and that it shows a significantly reduced relapse rate.

What Does CBT Involve?

A CBT programme will have a plan of action and you will be given self-help assignments at each session to be completed during the following week. This latter is particularly important as you must participate in your own therapy regime. CBT is not a ‘silver bullet’. Negative thoughts and actions may have built up and habituated 24 by 7 over many years. Collaboration and participation by you the client with me the therapist to explore and experiment with different ways for you to resolve your difficulties is an essential part of the therapy.

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Mentoring or Life Coaching.

There may be situations where Hypnotherapy, EFT, NLP and CBT solve the past issue, but something more is needed to help you the client move forward and take full advantage of your new found freedom and confidence.

Mentoring is about taking a structured approach, working with you to set or clarify your goals, plan how to achieve them and set you on the road to success.

I then work with you to support you through what may be an emotional journey and one which is often of self-discovery. Importantly, I do this in a purely objective and non-judgemental way, but I do tend to celebrate your successes with you.

Whether your goals are to:

  • Improve work life balance
  • Develop your career
  • Make more of retirement.
  • Move on from redundancy.
  • Or simply to do something you’ve always wanted to:


“Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin it.

Boldness has genius, power and magic in it.

Begin it now.”

Johann von Goethe

them ourselves.

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Nutritional Therapy

This involves making assessments from clients’ own inputs about their current health and any nutritional deficiencies. I use online interactive forms to support the client in this.

Depending on the results of the evaluations and taking into consideration other factors, such as sleep, activity levels and environmental factors, guide the client on to a healthier diet and lifestyle.

The underpinning philosophy is that many of our problems stem from the way our environment, which includes what we eat, drink, think, see, perceive and do affects the way our genes are expressed. It is not always faulty genes that are to blame and we can do things to change

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To find out more, please feel free to contact me on 1031 208 3208 or 07749 478785.

Or, use my contact form

For a free no obligation enquiry, call me or enter your details below.


K.N. (Edinburgh)
K.N. (Edinburgh)@username
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Just thought I'd update you on my driving after my session with you. I now have my new car and today took it for a run to Peebles which I wouldn't have contemplated in the past. I am also quite a regular at the new Morrison store in Dalkeith - which I thought I would never be able to do either. So thank you for your help. I don't know what you do but whatever it is it certainly works.
M.W. (Edinburgh)
M.W. (Edinburgh)
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I want to thank you for identifying my low self-esteem and not confidence. This has made me stand up for myself and deal with things instead of thinking other people will sort it all outfor me - so thank you very much.
Andrew Kennedy
Andrew Kennedy
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Step2Change helped me to cease a 33 year, 20 a day habit in which I had smoked 240,740 cigarettes at a cost (in today's prices) of £72,270 and spent over 20,000 non-productive hours doing it! Do I recommend Step2Change? You bet!
K.D. (Edinburgh
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I gave the presentation today, which went well. Thanks for your help!
Laura Socha (Mid & East Lothian Chamber of Commerce
Laura Socha (Mid & East Lothian Chamber of Commerce@username
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I just wanted to drop you a line to say how much I enjoyed your workshop on Tuesday - it really got me thinking (and relaxing). I also had a number of attendees say how much they enjoyed it too.
Gill Gray (G2 Sales & Marketing Communications
Gill Gray (G2 Sales & Marketing Communications@username
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I wanted you to know how much I enjoyed the course yesterday. I felt the other delegates got a lot out of it too. Please keep me advised of any future courses you will be running.
J.R. (Lincoln)
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A big thank you for all your helpover the last few weeks. You have been inspirational in making me look to the future and be more positive.
C.T (Edinburgh)
C.T (Edinburgh)@username
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Your coaching gave me just the incentive and focus I needed. I can't believe how much I have achieved these past few months.
S.V. (Glasgow)
S.V. (Glasgow)@username
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Thanks so much for your help. Not only has my career taken off again and with a great salary increase, but it's also going in the direction I really wanted. As a bonus, my social life is back in balance, I have more self-confidence, a new partner and I'm much happier.


I am a qualified Clinical Hypnotherapist accredited by the General Hypnotherapy Standards Council and registered with the General Hypnotherapy Council.

I am also an accredited Nutritional Therapist  


Further information about me and my qualifications and accreditations can be found on the About page.